Junín y


Lake Junin or Chinchaycocha

Lake Junin is the second largest lake in Peru, inhabited by more than 150 species of birds, among which the endemic species of Junin grebe and Junin rail, as well as 15 migratory species. The endemic amphibians Telmatobius macrostomos (giant frog of Junin) and T. brachydactylus (Junin riparian frog), abundant mammals, and fish enrich the fauna that is accompanied by a great variety of flora of wetlands. The lake provides diverse ecosystem services, such as thermoregulation, landscape beauty, water storage and carbon capture; However, water is the most valuable resource to provide life to this great area and generate energy through its currents. This great source of resources has been impaired for years by mining activities, wastewater and mismanagement of dams that control water flow.

We implement regional strategies for the conservation and sustainable use of wetlands (Ramsar Convention), as well as campaigns to clean canals in the lakes and identify affected areas for recovery. Since 2008, we have been leading efforts to prevent the extinction of the Junin grebe (Podiseps taczanowskii) and the protection of resident and migratory waterfowl, and since 2014 we have incorporated focal strategies for the Junin rail (Laterallus tuerosi), the chilean flamingo (Phoenicopterus chilensis), and the giant frog of Junin. Together with the National Reserve of Junin (RNJ-SERNANP), we monitor the populations of these species and carry out education and awareness campaigns in strategic zones and schools in the regions.

Wetlands and grasslands

Associated with high Andean water bodies, there are densely vegetated plant communities with a high biological richness: bofedales (Andean wetlands). Both wetlands and grasslands have been hard hit by the extraction of "champa" (blocks of dense vegetation and soil rich in organic matter) and by overgrazing. The objective of our work is aimed at improving the conservation status of two threatened high Andean wetlands, developing new knowledge, guidelines for better management practices and experiences of wetland restoration, while seeking the preservation of the conditions that sustain the resilience of the local communities. We elaborated guidelines and commitments with the communities for the proper use of the pastures, the recovery of wetlands and degraded soils, as well as conservation policies and good use of the water associated with this vegetation.