REFORESTATION OF THE HUACARPAY WETLANDS
The Humedal Lucre - Huacarpay is one of the few high Andean ecosystems that provides significant habitat to resident and migratory birds, thanks to the quality of the water and the vegetation of surrounding zones.
- Status: COMPLETED
- American Bird Conservancy
The few woody massifs are restricted to the upper part of the Lucre Microcuenca, which is formed mainly by dispersed Chachacomo (Escallonia resinosa). The vegetation that surrounds the wetland consists mainly of shrub species such as Bacharis odorata and Senecio rudbeckiaefolius, with occasional Schinus molle, an evergreen species. In the first stage of the project an evaluation was conducted through field visits and coordination with the beneficiaries and the Municipality of Lucre. Having determined the number of seedlings, the area of intervention, and the schedule of work, the second stage began with the marking and creation of holes. A total of 80,500 plants of Queuña, Chachacomo, Molle, Aliso, and Willow were installed in the protected forest and riparian corridor located in the hills of Muyu Orcco and Salccáyoc Colesníyoc, areas surrounding the wetland. The different species of seedlings delivered were endorsed with an Act signed by the Association of Andean Ecosystems and the beneficiaries (local communities and Association of Settlers). Finally a protective wire fence was installed, along a perimeter of 1,500 meters, to help reduce animal interference.
Biological Value of the Lucre-Huacarpay Wetland
The geographical conditions provide unique characteristics for the proliferation and conservation of different species of birds, mammals, reptiles, fish, and arthropods. This habitat provides food and shelter to endemic birds of Peru (EBA 051, Peruvian High Andes), such as the Bearded mountaineer (Oreonympha nobilis), Rusty-fronted Canastero (Asthenes ottonis), and Streak-fronted thornbird (Phacellodomus striaticeps), threatened by the constant deterioration of their areas due to human presence and the activities of agriculture and livestock. In the months of July to September we typically see the arrival of many migrant and seasonal birds.
This Wetland is located within the Archaeological Park of Pikillaqta, established based on Law No. 24047, the Law of Amparo to the Cultural Patrimony of the Nation, by the National Institute of Culture (INC). In addition to the Wari citadel of Pikillaqta, located in the upper northern part of the wetland, there are numerous Inca and pre-Inca vestiges around the wetland, such as terraces that were used by the tremendous population that inhabited the citadel of Pikillaqta and its neighborhoods (Barrera 1973; Marthans 2003). Pikillaqta was one of the most impressive regional centers of the Wari culture, which dominated almost all Peruvian territory between 600 and 1200 AD. The culture settled in Ayacucho, which was absorbed by the Incas (Barrera 1973; Marthans 2003).
The Huacarpay Wetland is one of the most important wetlands in the Cuzco Valley in southeastern Peru, because of its scenic, cultural and ecological value and its socio-economic potential.