STRATEGIC CONSERVATION PLAN FOR THE JUNIN GREBE AT LAKE JUNÍN. PERÚ - PROJECT MBZ 16251279
a. Recovery of areas prone to flooding, through the reconditioning and cleaning of ancient channels. Unfortunately, floods caused by poorly constructed canals affect vast areas of natural pastures by displacing livestock and causing herds to overlap with the natural habitat of endemic, resident and migratory species. Inadequate cleaning has lead to more negative impacts than benefits. For this reason, through a multidisciplinary agreement with the Management Committee of the Junín National Reserve, the rural communities of Villa Junín, Ninacaca, and Gómez de Paccha received training on proper cleaning and management in order to protect biodiversity. There are also cooperation agreements between the local communities, the National Service of Protected Natural Areas (SERNANP) and the NGO ECOAN to ensure for future sustainability of this project.
- Status: ACTIVE
- Mohammed bin Zayed
American Bird Conservancy Donor
b. Generation of material for distribution to strengthen the subject of species conservation within the National Reserve of Junin. This component includes several activities that promote awareness among local and regional authorities, rural communities, and students, through posters and brochures detailing the diverse areas surrounding the Reserve. c. A promotional program for the strict protection of “bofedales,” through participation in the process of updating the Master Plan of the National Reserve of Junín. Bofedales are areas of wetland vegetation that may have underlying peat layers, a key resource for traditional land management at high altitude. This program provides updated information on the bofedales – uses, problems, zones of vulnerability, and associated species. It seeks to provide additional protection to the ecosystem without neglecting the fact that local communities have an ancestral right to use this resource, which is why collaborative sustainable management is one of more prominent focus areas.
d. A migratory species monitoring program and the identification of areas of greater biodiversity and vulnerability, an activity which requires the continuous recording of migratory birds, identifying the length of their visits, permanence, and the possibility of reproduction in the area. Since this is an international project it is possible to spatially track species without them being marked (ringed). This has allowed us to understand a great diversity of migratory species. The increase in visits of vagrant species is in clear concordance with the process of climate change.
e. An installation program for more efficient and less polluting kitchens supplied with the "champa" resource, a compact mass of roots and soil. We used a model adapted to locals’ needs with consideration of the altitude where the project is being executed. The idea was to formulate an improved model of cooking with the participation of the leaders of the local rural communities. The kitchens were approved and evaluated based on the efficiency of champa consumption, the heat generated, and a reduction in the amount of noxious gases. Three communities were trained in construction of the kitchens and the delivery of the necessary materials. We have achieved an improved kitchen model with good performance standards which has been replicated in various homes thanks to the participation and effort of community members who lent a hand in the construction.
f. A formal and informal Education Program, consisting of various workshops and environmental education campaigns in schools and during specific events. The objective was to raise awareness through updated information on biodiversity, pollution and how to make a difference. Various institutions contributed to success of this component, incorporating environmental issues in the local school curriculum and training teachers in sustainability. This activity counted on the cooperation of the personnel of the National Reserve of Junín, the United States Peace Corps, and the Management of Environment of the Provincial Municipality of Junín.
This project is located at the Junín National Reserve, home to approximately 40,000 people. The majority live in extreme poverty and depend highly on the use of natural resources. However, due to lack of knowledge this use is highly unsustainable and results in degradation of habitat in and around the lake. The need for saving the Junín Lake ecosystem is high in order to preserve endemic and threatened biodiversity from extinction. One way to improve habitat quality in the long term is by building local capacity focused on sustainable use of the environment.
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